N – Jewellery Dictionary

N – Jewellery Dictionary

necklace

A necklace is a piece of jewellery worn around the neck. Necklaces of different lengths have different names: <ul><li>dog collar: below 25cm (10 inches)</li><li>choker: 25cm – 35cm (10 to 14 inches)</li><li>princess: 36cm – 50cm (15 to 19 inches)</li><li>matinee: 51cm – 64cm (20 to 25 inches)</li><li>opera: 65cm – 91cm (26 to 36 inches)</li><li>rope: above 92cm (37 inches)</li></ul>

nickel-free

Gold or sterling silver that is ALLOYED without using nickel, because some people have allergic reactions and/or skin irritation when wearing the metal.

noble metal

The noble metals are gold, platinum, and silver. These are metals that are relatively impervious to chemical actions: oxidation and corrosion.

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M – Jewellery Dictionary

M – Jewellery Dictionary

marquise cut

An oval cut with tapered, pointed ends.

matinee length

A matinee-length necklace is a single strand that is from 51cm to 64cm (20 to 25 inches) long. Matinee-length generally refers to a string of pearls that hangs to the top of the cleavage.

matte finish

A matte finish on a metal’s surface is a soft, lustrous finish that reduces the metal’s reflectivity.

mohs scale

A loose scale measuring a mineral’s hardness in relation to other minerals, based upon the ability to resist scratching. It is used to classify the hardness of gemstones. It was developed by the German Friedrich Mohs, in 1822, and he used 10 minerals, ranking them 1 to 10 based upon their ability to scratch each other. Whereby, each mineral will scratch the one below it in the scale, but can only be scratched by those above it.

The scale is as follows:<ul><li>1 – talc</li><li>2 – gypsum</li><li>3 – pearls</li><li>4 – fluorite</li><li>5 – apatite</li><li>6 – turquoise and opal, rhodium</li><li>7 – amethyst</li><li>8 – topaz, garnet and aquamarine</li><li>9 – sapphire and ruby</li><li>10 – diamond</li></ul>

moissanite

Imitation diamond with better refractive index than cubic zirconium. Much cheaper than real diamonds and almost impossible to tell from the real thing.

mother-of-pearl

Mother-of-pearl is the iridescent coating on the inside of oyster shells. Mother-of-pearl is used for jewellery, buttons, and other uses. It is also called nacre.

multi-finger ring

Two or more conjoined rings, designed to be worn across two, three, or even four fingers; usually popularised by hip-hop culture.

L – Jewellery Dictionary

L – Jewellery Dictionary

lavaliere
(Lav-ah-leer) A pendant on a necklace, usually with a 24”(61cm) inch or longer chain.
layered necklaces
Necklaces with multiple, varied length chains.
leverback
A type of earring backing with a thin lever that is snapped into place. These are one of the most secure types of earring backings, and are good for heavy and/or dangling earrings.
links
The series of loops that make up a chain or bracelet. They can be of different designs, both plain and fancy.
lobster claw clasp
A lobster claw clasp is a jewellery fastener that resembles the claw of a lobster. A tiny spring keeps the arm of this clasp closed. It is used to attach two other rings or links of a necklace or bracelet
locket
A locket is a pendant that can open up. Lockets can hold photos, hair, a charm, or other small, precious object.n and fancy.
lobster claw clasp
A lobster claw clasp is a jewellery fastener that resembles the claw of a lobster. A tiny spring keeps the arm of this clasp closed. It is used to attach two other rings or links of a necklace or bracelet
locket
A locket is a pendant that can open up. Lockets can hold photos, hair, a charm, or other small, precious object.

J – Jewellery dictionary

J – Jewellery dictionary

jewellery

Jewellery is articles of personal adornment, like rings, necklaces, bracelets, cuff links, and pins. Jewellery is made from metals (especially gold and silver), stones, glass, plastic, and other materials.

In UK English it is spelled ‘jewellery’ while in US English it is spelled “jewelry”.

jump ring

A jump ring is a circular metal ring with an opening. It is used to attach two other rings or links, and is then soldered or pressed shut.

I – Jewellery Dictionary

I – Jewellery Dictionary

A method of setting stones into a grooved channel or outlined space, so that they lay flush with the surface of the metal.

intaglio

Intaglio refers to a form of image making in which the image is produced by incising into the printing plate, thus producing a negative image. Intaglio is the opposite of cameo.

It is used in making engraved seals, where it leaves a raised design on the material being stamped, especially wax. It is also used in some pendants and signet rings.

and where it is the incised line or area that holds the ink.

iridescent

An iridescent object displays many lustrous, changing colours. Iridescence is caused by the reflection of light from the jewel.